Science and Research
An online library documenting and sharing research on electromagnetic fields, spintronics, quantum electrodynamics (QED), electromagtronic engineering, biophysical effects, and more. We collaborate with researchers from universities, agencies and organizations to advance the field beyond Earth.
Kole Lutz and Terry Trevino, 2022, AIAA ASCEND, Las Vegas
Astronauts lose on average 1% to 2% of their bone mineral density every month, or bone loss equivalent to two decades of ageing.A <3kg PEMF yields decreased osteoclasts, increased recovery time by 40% (Cebrian, 2010) increases fracture healing by 46% (Mami, 1993)The first on-orbit pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) experiment is proposed on 2-4 humans or astronauts in LEO.
Trevino, Rector, et al, 2022. ICES, St. Paul Minnesota, July 2022
In spring 2022, researchers designed and built two HH coils with goal to test effects of NNMF and planetary crustal fields (CF) on plants, microorganisms, algae, and other systems in vitro. The first 25kg HH coil apparatus with COTS components yielded NNMF strength of 3-5mG and 8 cm per side or 530 cm^3 NNMF volume in centre with 100 coil turns, 500 milliwatt max coil current and 12V operating voltage.
Kolemann Lutz, Terry Trevino, et al, 2021. 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai
Earth's geomagnetic field or natural PEMFs are essential to sustain the health of humans and life. As organisms have evolved within Earth's magnetic field .2-.7 Gauss (20-70µT) for billions of years, PEMFs have an important role in sustaining life beyond Earth and for human space exploration.
(Byelery, Sognier, et al, 2005, NASA Johnson Space Center, Biennial Research and Technology Report p76
The 2005 study from NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) on PEMF for Bone Loss and Muscle Atrophy, developed the hardware for stable magnetic control with a helmholtz coil design and a software to evaluate the most effective PEMF frequencies, waveforms, and pulse durations.
Thomas J Goodwin, 2004, NASA NTRS
four year NASA study found greatest efficacy of PEMF on neural cells was from TVEMF square waves low 10 Hz frequencies and 1-20uT. In measuring 10,000+ human genes from chip analyses, the proliferation rate of the TVEMF cells was 2.5 to 4.0 times the rate of the non-waveform cells.
(Monitiel, et al, 2003 APHYS 1st Meeting, Badajoz, Spain
Signal generator oscillator provides X-band microwave carrier frequency around 10 GHz and modulates with 7.8Hz X-band signal carrier. With ferromagnetic resonance affect, ELF picoTesla magnetic fields induce vibrations & Schumann Resonance (SR) to synchronise biomagnetite in brain and human body.
Neil Cherry, 2002, Journal of Natural hazards,
With around 2,000 thousand lightning storms continuously, the upper boundary of the resonant cavity in Earth’s ionospheric D region has sufficient electron density and forms the schumann resonance signal (at 7.83 Hz). Responding to ELF signals produce tissue electric gradients of ULF/ELF oscillating signals at a threshold of 10-7 to 10-8 V/cm involves the non-linear resonant absorption of ULF/ELF oscillating signals into systems that use natural ion oscillation signals
Dipsikha Ganguly, Ajay Piriya V.S., et al, Scientific Reports, 2020
EM field at anode with coating and N-doped carbon matrix yielded increase in the capacity from 80 mAh. g−1 to 150 mAh and LIB performance. Effects are attributed to the field-dependent enhancement of diffusion and convection due to the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effect.